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Country Comparison :: Distribution of family income - Gini index
This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the horizontal axis and the right vertical axis and the index would be 100.
Download Data
Rank
country Distribution of family income - Gini index Date of Information
1 Namibia
70.7
2003
2 South Africa
65.0
2005
3 Lesotho
63.2
1995
4 Botswana
63.0
1993
5 Sierra Leone
62.9
1989
6 Central African Republic
61.3
1993
7 Bolivia
59.2
2006
8 Haiti
59.2
2001
9 Colombia
58.5
2008
10 Brazil
56.7
2005
11 Bosnia and Herzegovina
56.2
2007
12 Panama
56.1
2003
13 Guatemala
55.1
2007
14 Chile
54.9
2003
15 Honduras
53.8
2003
16 Hong Kong
53.3
2007
17 Paraguay
53.2
2009
18 El Salvador
52.4
2002
19 Peru
52.0
2008
20 Papua New Guinea
50.9
1996
21 Zambia
50.8
2004
22 Niger
50.5
1995
23 Swaziland
50.4
2001
24 Gambia, The
50.2
1998
25 Zimbabwe
50.1
2006
26 Dominican Republic
49.9
2005
27 Sri Lanka
49.0
2007
28 Mexico
48.2
2008
29 Singapore
48.1
2008
30 Costa Rica
48.0
2008
31 Ecuador
47.9
2009
32 Madagascar
47.5
2001
33 Mozambique
47.3
2002
34 Nepal
47.2
2008
35 Rwanda
46.8
2000
36 Malaysia
46.1
2002
37 Philippines
45.8
2006
38 Argentina
45.7
2009
39 Uganda
45.7
2002
40 Jamaica
45.5
2004
41 Uruguay
45.2
2006
42 United States
45.0
2007
43 Cameroon
44.6
2001
44 Cote d'Ivoire
44.6
2002
45 Iran
44.5
2006
46 Nigeria
43.7
2003
47 Guyana
43.2
1999
48 Nicaragua
43.1
2001
49 Cambodia
43.0
2007 est.
50 Thailand
43.0
2006
51 Kenya
42.5
2008 est.
52 Burundi
42.4
1998
53 Russia
42.3
2008
54 China
41.5
2007
55 Senegal
41.3
2001
56 Turkey
41.0
2007
57 Venezuela
41.0
2009
58 Morocco
40.9
2005 est.
59 Georgia
40.8
2009
60 Turkmenistan
40.8
1998
61 Mali
40.1
2001
62 Tunisia
40.0
2005 est.
63 Jordan
39.7
2007
64 Burkina Faso
39.5
2007
65 Ghana
39.4
2005-06
66 Indonesia
39.4
2005
67 Israel
39.2
2008
68 Macedonia
39.0
2003
69 Malawi
39.0
2004
70 Mauritius
39.0
2006 est.
71 Mauritania
39.0
2000
72 Portugal
38.5
2007
73 Guinea
38.1
2006
74 Japan
38.1
2002
75 Timor-Leste
38.0
2002 est.
76 Yemen
37.7
2005
77 Armenia
37.0
2006
78 Vietnam
37.0
2004
79 India
36.8
2004
80 Uzbekistan
36.8
2003
81 Azerbaijan
36.5
2001
82 Benin
36.5
2003
83 New Zealand
36.2
1997
84 Latvia
36.0
2005
85 Lithuania
36.0
2005
86 Algeria
35.3
1995
87 Poland
34.9
2005
88 Laos
34.6
2002
89 Tanzania
34.6
2000
90 Egypt
34.4
2001
91 Estonia
34.0
2008
92 United Kingdom
34.0
2005
93 Switzerland
33.7
2008
94 Bangladesh
33.2
2005
95 Moldova
33.2
2003
96 Greece
33.0
2005
97 Mongolia
32.8
2002
98 France
32.7
2008
99 Tajikistan
32.6
2006
100 Canada
32.1
2005
101 Italy
32.0
2006
102 Spain
32.0
2005
103 Romania
32.0
2008
104 Korea, South
31.3
2007
105 Ukraine
31.0
2006
106 European Union
31.0
2006 est.
107 Netherlands
30.9
2007
108 Ireland
30.7
2008
109 Pakistan
30.6
FY07/08
110 Australia
30.5
2006
111 Kyrgyzstan
30.3
2003
112 Ethiopia
30.0
2000
113 Montenegro
30.0
2003
114 Bulgaria
29.8
2008
115 Finland
29.5
2007
116 Croatia
29.0
2008
117 Cyprus
29.0
2005
118 Denmark
29.0
2007
119 Kazakhstan
28.8
2008
120 Slovenia
28.4
2008
121 Belgium
28.0
2005
122 Hungary
28.0
2005
123 Iceland
28.0
2006
124 Belarus
27.9
2005
125 Germany
27.0
2006
126 Albania
26.7
2005
127 Austria
26.0
2007
128 Malta
26.0
2007
129 Serbia
26.0
2008
130 Slovakia
26.0
2005
131 Czech Republic
26.0
2005
132 Luxembourg
26.0
2005
133 Norway
25.0
2008
134 Sweden
23.0
2005
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